All pages must be numbered EXCEPT for the Title page. One normally uses en-dashes when specifying a range of numbers. Since page numbering can restart with each Section, it is easy to have multiple pages numbered 1 or 2, or even 10 or 30! To tell Word which pages you want to print, you need to designate not only the page number, but the Section number. § How can I remove section and subsection numbering in the output, but still have the sections appear in the table of contents? If you want to get rid of the numbering completely, go to Document→Settings→Numbering & TOC and drag the slider "Numbering" to the left. A label may sometimes pick up the section or list number instead of the figure number. If you have LaTeX-specific questions please review the User and Implementation Guide first. The following statements will achieve the style you desire: [code] \makeatletter \renewcommand\@biblabel{1}{S#1} \makeatother [/code] Reference: Bibliography numbering style. 1 Document structure. bold, italic, enumerations, ) 4 posts • Page 1 of 1. When you design a document that contains both chapter headings and appendix headings, you can use different heading style levels to apply the different number formatting to each section. A manpage document Header is mandatory. 2 A reference to a previous list item in this list (see item 2. I managed to make my page numbers look in the format {section number}-{page number}. 1 Read/Download Paragraph options justify and indent are covered in section §3 on page 5, and some advanced due to a limitation of TEX's /parshape, LATEX's ordinary /raggedright setting cannot be used. Coptic Epact Numbers. 3 Experimental Method. If you prefer the section numbers to include the chapter number, then set the section. How to change the numbering of \part, \chapter, \section, … to alphabetical, Roman numbers, etc I'm fairly new to LaTeX and I want to know how to change the way. No installation, real-time collaboration, version control, hundreds of LaTeX templates, and more. If numbering is true, the report sections are numbered consecutively. Or run pdflatex again, and in Acrobat†, go to the File menu and under History, click on exart. If you want different spacing, LaTeX provides the following four commands for use in math mode: \; - a thick space. With LATEX, you just rede ne the relevant commands. $ \int_a^b \! f(x). A) Manually Creating a Bibliography. It even does the right thing when something has both a subscript and a superscript. LaTeX will happily allow you to insert a list environment into an existing one (up to a depth of four, more levels are available using packages). How do I number my tables and figures as Table S1, S2 etc. The rest of the document remained at one column. I was simply just making the text bold and/or italic to set it off as a separate subsubsubsection in LaTeX. ) making the process faster. Please see example below. The Comprehensive LaTeX Symbol List (represents all real numbers) Read more in the commands section of the guide about how symbols which take. The program first goes through the document and finds all the labels and writes them to an auxiliary file. I demonstrate both APA and IEEE citations using the Texmake. Latex allows the creation of enumerated (ordered) lists up to four deep. Subordinate equation numbering. I'm using the article class, and I would like the section numbering to restart after every Part. I cannot figure out how to turn off the page numbers in the 1st section. The pdfpages package makes it easy to insert pages of external PDF documents without worrying about the print space. I would like to number everything within a section. What are some things to consider before I begin creating sections/chapters in my document? 2. LaTeX is available as free software. I am a freshman to lyx but I have some latex experiences. Comment out the old \bibliographystyle and \bibliography commands. No installation, real-time collaboration, version control, hundreds of LaTeX templates, and more. LaTeX Lesson 4 Mathematics in LaTeX. The first algorithm has While loop along with If/Else condition. The valid options are: plain - Just a plain page number. I want all the footnotes through out the document to have different numbering say 1, 2…. *Qualifying purchase amount must be on one receipt. In preparing a LaTeX document, the author specifies the logical structure using simple, familiar concepts such as chapter, section, table, figure, etc. Required packages are indicated as (package). The Concepts section helps you learn about the parts of the Kubernetes system and the abstractions Kubernetes uses to represent your cluster A set of machines, called nodes, that run containerized applications managed by Kubernetes. Where do I change section heading color in this template? Unanswered I've figured out just about everything else when working with this template, but I cannot for the life of me find where to change the coloring of the first three letters of the headings. Hypertext Help with LaTeX \appendix. They can also be produced with two commands, the \footnotemark and the \footnotetext commands. key Used for cross ref. If you want to not have sections broken down at all, just remove the \section command. Section Headings in LaTeX. Use 3-letter abbreviation. 3 Experimental Method. Developers wishing to create a new prelude should use @[email protected] Btw, if you need to break down your document even more you can switch 3 to 4 in these lines to enable numbering for paragraphs. For this to work, you must have \usepackage{amsmath} in the preamble. Define \citenumfont to be a font declaration or command like \itshape or \textit. Page styles in Latex terms refers not to page dimensions, but to the running headers and footers of a document. A) Manually Creating a Bibliography. For the first installment of our LaTeX mini-series, I thought I'd share one neat little trick involving a tweak to the layout of section headers in LaTeX documents: putting the section number counter in the margin. Adding supplementary tables and figures in LaTeX By Iddo on March 11th, 2013. I have a problem with my appendix environment. HOM Furniture ranks as one of the nation’s largest furniture retailers serving customers in the upper Midwestern states of Minnesota, South Dakota, North Dakota, Iowa and Wisconsin and the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Page Orientation applies to an entire document or to a section. I got a question on how to change the style of the section numbering. name}{display name }[link] \newtheorem{sectheorem}{Theorem}[section] \begin{sectheorem} A theorem numbered with the section. ) for each chapter. ); chapters and sections get decimal numbering like this document, and appendices (which are just a special case of chapters, and share the same structure) are lettered (A, B, C, etc. Mayan Numerals. It details usage for many of the new commands and options that are available in REVTEX 4. as a list of section numbers. With LATEX, you just rede ne the relevant commands. =20 Great great work !!=20 In the headline I only want the curent section and curent subsection. SECTION X - REGULATORY INFORMATION: SARA TITLE III SECTION 313: This product contains the following toxic chemicals subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 and of 40 CFR 372: Ingredient Name CAS Number Percent ETHYLENE GLYCOL 107-21-1 < 2. Tables section from Chapter 1. Where do I change section heading color in this template? Unanswered I've figured out just about everything else when working with this template, but I cannot for the life of me find where to change the coloring of the first three letters of the headings. Define \citenumfont to be a font declaration or command like \itshape or \textit. You can reset a counter, increment a counter or add a value to it. to apply to the list of references. I'm getting something wrong, obviously. The "label" is nothing but an asterisk bullet. All the versions of this article:. Cleveland, OH 44115 Telephone Numbers and Websites Product Information www. 3 Experimental Method. ) and/or -segmented by topics (by type, by keyword, etc. Latex allergy is an allergic reaction to substances in natural latex. Section numbering Numbering of the sections is performed automatically by LaTeX, so don't bother adding them explicitly, just insert the heading you want between the curly braces. Delete the page numbers from the footer of the landscape section. 2 (yes, that's a one, like it is still the introduction). When writing, the writer uses plain text as opposed to the formatted text found in WYSIWYG ("what you see is what you get") word processors like Microsoft Word, LibreOffice Writer and Apple Pages. Every command has a specific syntax to use. The name of the counter is the same as the name of the environment or command that produces the number, except with no \. I was asked more than once how to produce words instead of numbers in the chapter heading. Regardless of what citation style you want, you need to have your references formatted in BibTeX format. Counter style. in your list of references a list of the page numbers on which you cite the item. This latter site may have some additional material, such as beta test versions and files related to non-IEEE uses of IEEEtran. The second line includes subsubsections in the table of contents. For example, when linking section 3 to the first 2 sections, my page numbers went from 4 to 12. To get the total number of pages (ie: number of the last page) is a little more involved. I'm using amsbook to write a report. The title name should not contain white space and the manual section number is a single digit optionally followed by a single character. LaTeX tends to take over the style decisions, but all the benefits of plain TeX are still present when it comes to doing maths. Within this section you may, if you choose, briefly describe factors such as family care responsibilities, illness, disability, and active duty military service that may have affected your scientific advancement or productivity. These links enable easy navigation inside documents as well as between documents, just as in HTML, using standard PDF, Postscript and DVI viewers. Define \citenumfont to be a font declaration or command like \itshape or \textit. You can use other tools in the program to get your number to appear just as you want it to, as highlighted in this tip. EEO Is the Law | EEO Is the Law GINA Supplement. They can be produced with one command, the \footnote command. [Latex-beamer-users] Only Section and subsection with number in headline From: Beaubert - 2004-11-17 12:42:44 Hi all, The 3rd version of beamer is wonderful and especially the multimedia packag= e. Chapter numbers as words in LaTeX. • The \author text is placed within a tabular environment to allow for multicolumn formatting of author names and affiliations. 13 and on page 230, and details the following: The appendices follow the reference list. Org-mode Tutorial / Cheat Sheet and will effect both HTML and LaTeX exports. The "sectioning commands" have *-forms that print a title, but do not include a number and do not make an entry in the table of contents. edu September 12, 2005 1 Introduction LATEX is the standard mathematical typesetting program. Note that you don't specify the section number as LaTeX does this automatically. \end {abstract} \chapter {Introduction} \section {The First Section} This is a simple \LaTeX \␣document. Number that Word inserts for you. These two declarations also change the way the sectioning units, such as \chapter and \section, appear. Run LaTeX on your LaTeX file. An online LaTeX editor that's easy to use. The program first goes through the document and finds all the labels and writes them to an auxiliary file. What do you want to do? Click the topic, or topics, below that interest you. The RStudio Compile PDF command typesets the current TeX or Rnw source file into a PDF. My document is using the article class, but the section numbers are shown for the figures, figure 2. Symbols that go above, below, or in the corners of other symbols. No installation, real-time collaboration, version control, hundreds of LaTeX templates, and more. Edit LaTeX code and compile the pdf right in your browser. You can reset a counter, increment a counter or add a value to it. Latex allows the creation of enumerated (ordered) lists up to four deep. Supported values are section, slide, page, none, or false. The latest version of IEEEtran and its support files can be obtained from IEEE's web site [1], or CTAN [2]. Section numbering. The full list of Graduate College thesis requirements is available at. LaTeX numbering One advantage of LaTeX over the other TeX-flavors is that it provides an automatic numbering of the sections, theorems, equations etc. These two declarations also change the way the sectioning units, such as \chapter and \section, appear. Continuous figure/table numbering in LaTeX. This could be changed to 11pt or 12pt as a option of documentclass. LaTeX automatically numbers the chapters and sections that appear in a document. Hypertext Help with LaTeX Counters. The tables differ from the plain LaTeX tables in a few aspects: no vertical rules are used, there is additional space above and below horizontal rules, rules have varying "thickness", and no double rules are used. Note that each conference has its own page setting requirements. An online LaTeX editor that's easy to use. key Used for cross ref. Page Orientation applies to an entire document or to a section. Natural rubber latex is used in the manufacture of various FDA-regulated products, such as condoms and medical gloves. § Furniture Today Top U. 2 A reference to a previous list item in this list (see item 2. LaTeX keeps track of numbering by means of counters. The order would be switched for odd pages. If you want to use sections without numbers, then \section* is the command you want. Continuous figure/table numbering in LaTeX. Setting up a BibTeX Bibliographic Database. Squeezing Space in LaTeX. \roman \roman{counter} This command causes the value of the counter to be printed in roman numerals. 小弟初学Latex,请问各位一个分段的问题,在Latex中除了敲两个空格以外,还有什么方法可以实现分段呢? 我来答. A Beginner's Guide to LATEX David Xiao [email protected] I got a question on how to change the style of the section numbering. On the Insert Ribbon, in the Header & Footer Group, click on the arrow next to the Page Number icon, choose Page Margin, and then in the Plain Number section, choose Large, left (unfortunately, they don’t seem to have just a plain left option). Preparing your manuscript The Elsevier article class. label parameter to 1. Mathematical. LaTeX Footnotes Footnotes can be produced in one of two ways. The page headers and footers in LATEX are defined by the \pagestyle and \pagenumbering commands. When run is pressed in the environments you are most likely using (all of the ones in the installation section), LaTeX is actually compiling multiple times. In order to prevent page numbers from appearing on the pages of your LaTeX document, you should include the line. Then, in the previous question you also had an abstract and acknowledgements, which have roman page numbering. Page Orientation applies to an entire document or to a section. If you want to remove such chapter name from your document, then you can use titlesec package and define the titleformat in order to hide the chapter title. Linux Encryption HOWTO by Marc Mutz, v0. Btw, if you need to break down your document even more you can switch 3 to 4 in these lines to enable numbering for paragraphs. What was the average rate of change of population (a) between 2002 and 2004, and (b) between 2002 and 2006?. EquationNumbering. Number that Word inserts for you. \section{Introduction} Whether you are just getting started with LaTeX and wondering what the fuss is about, here to share the clever trick you've discovered, or need urgent help with your bibliography, welcome to the LaTeX subreddit! \section{New to \LATEX ?} Here is a thread with useful links \section{Resources} Extensions to view LaTeX on. Page Numbering with Section Breaks - Word 2010. 3 of the LaTeX manual (pp. The pdfpages package makes it easy to insert pages of external PDF documents without worrying about the print space. To do this, you need to use the \lastpage package and use \pageref{LastPage}. (listed "as Dust" in Section 2) which may be present at hazardous levels only during sanding or abrading of the dried film. The perfect color should be enjoyed for years to come. From the File menu, choose Doc Info and then choose LaTeX. Latex as found in nature is a milky fluid found in 10% of all flowering plants (angiosperms). Each counter also has a default format that dictates how it is displayed whenever LaTeX needs to print it. LaTeX will happily allow you to insert a list environment into an existing one (up to a depth of four, more levels are available using packages). I added two fields to my footer: "Section" and "StyleRef". Setting Landscape Orientation and Landscape Page Numbering Page Orientation Portrait Landscape Page orientation can be changed using the Page Layout tab, Page Setup group, Orientation drop-down. LaTeX Footnotes Footnotes can be produced in one of two ways. The pdfpages package makes it easy to insert pages of external PDF documents without worrying about the print space. Why are my sections numbered 0. Other sectioning commands are \chapter, \subsubsection, and \paragraph. edu Address Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Eastern Illinois University 600 Lincoln Avenue Charleston, IL 61920–3099 Abstract There are a variety of LATEX classes which can be used to produce “over-head slides” for presentations. Number that Word inserts for you. 2, etc instead of 1, 2, etc? This problem occurs when you are using the report documentclass, and use "sections" as your top level of the hierarchy. To get exp to appear as a superscript, you type ^{exp}. 3, instead of. headings - Puts running headings on each page. Section numbering is automatic and can be disabled. Here, a physical science technician inspects medical gloves in related. $ \int_a^b \! f(x). , there are no licence fees, etc. De nouveau, l'avantage ici, est que LaTeX s'occupe de la numérotation pour vous. LaTeX Word Counter is developped in Java, so you will need Java Runtime Environment to run it. MLA Template. How to Start a New Section on an Odd Page Number in Word 2013 Lori Kaufman @howtogeek July 8, 2014, 10:24am EDT When working on a long document or a book in Word, it’s common to divide the document into sections or chapters. Note: The rules and guidelines for thesis and dissertation formatting are developed by the Graduate School. If you can write basic LATEX, you can easily make a Beamer presentation. I don't remember ever having seen a document that included a decimal point after a paragraph or section number in running text unless that number included at least one number to the right of the decimal point as well. 1 A theorem numbered with the section. As you can see \center calls \centering too. Below is a list of the counters used LaTeX's standard document styles to control numbering. Adding supplementary tables and figures in LaTeX By Iddo on March 11th, 2013. Define \bibfont to be a font declaration, e. Many aspects of the LaTeX template used to create PDF documents can be customized using top-level YAML metadata (note that these options do not appear underneath the output section, but rather appear at the top level along with title, author, and so on). Word allows you to easily number a variety of elements in your document. When formatting the page numbers for your manuscript, please keep the following in mind: a. Figure Annotation M-File Publishing Matrices LATEX in Matlab Aaron Biddings Electrical and Computer Engineering Auburn University July 26, 2010 1/22. Prints the word "Page" and next the page number which is automatically set by \thepage on the right side of the footer. You can use other tools in the program to get your number to appear just as you want it to, as highlighted in this tip. If you prefer the section numbers to include the chapter number, then set the section. The second line includes subsubsections in the table of contents. sherwin-williams. In addition to their use with the myheadings page style, you can use them to override the normal headings in the headings style, since LaTeX uses these same commands to generate those heads. After the page numbering has been added, then add the Table of Contents and/or update the Table of Contents. With some latex packages you can easily format the headings to remove the numbers, or transform them. I tried to use this command footenote{text}. Page styles in Latex terms refers not to page dimensions, but to the running headers and footers of a document. AMS-LATEX Reference Card #1 See the TEX Reference Card for additional commands. Latex Equation Numbering Not By Section I wish to number my equations according to their (sub)section so when I reference them it shows code that does not show the numbers but does not number the equations as wished: How to stop LaTex numbering equations within section. In a new page it always begins with 1 every time. Is it possible to only show section numbers without chapter numbers in a LaTeX document of class "book"? For instance, Munkres' Topology text breaks things down into chapters but the sections are numbered independent of the chapter. Also, for sections, you do not need to use \begin and \end commands to indicate which content belongs to a given block. Intro to Beamer Overlaying Concepts Sparkle References About Beamer Basic Structure What Is Beamer? Beamer is a exible LATEX class for making slides and presentations. Important Note: Not everyone needs this type of numbering; if your discipline doesn’t require it, skip this section! Word can automatically number sections (Chapter 1, 1. Please see the REVTEX 4 Author's Guide for complete informa-tion on how to use. Cleveland, OH 44115 Telephone Numbers and Websites Product Information www. The "label" is nothing but an asterisk bullet. You can redefine [code]\@biblabel[/code]. Could not find anything with a better aspect. Essentially, LaTeX is a document markup language which tries to separate the output style from the document's logical content. In my current file, I got section number like I, II, III, IV in dvi files. In books, is customary to use Roman numerals for the pages before the first chapter/section, and Arabic numbers for the rest of the document. L a T e X can organize, number, and index chapters and sections of document. Define \bibfont to be a font declaration, e. ) for each chapter. LATEX quick reference Mark Gates November 19, 2012 starts alphabetic section numbering Point size Latex cmd User-de ned * Sample. tex, with appropriate section numbers and so on. For details of LaTeX's page parameters, see section C. \arabic{figure} Now you don't want the same style of numbering, so you can specify the style explicitly, different from \thechapter:. The suffix is. When inserting equation numbers, you can format them however you want – with or without section or chapter numbers, with any kind of separator between the numbers (e. Some of the sections are "linked" to previous sections, while others are not. The style files and templates provided here have been created to ensure that the margin requirements are adequately met. Latex-Suite is a comprehensive set of scripts to aid in editing, compiling and viewing LaTeX documents. For documentation describing the tree-dvips macros, just type latex tree-manual and then print tree-manual. For example, to define a chapter and appendix heading-numbering scheme that resembles the following. • The \author text is placed within a tabular environment to allow for multicolumn formatting of author names and affiliations. Second Section Big Heading Some more normal text. The complete LaTeX file (and the pdf output) can be found in my repository, latex-homework-template. Section numbering is automatic and can be disabled. You can either produce a bibliography by manually listing the entries of the bibliography or producing it automatically using the BibTeX program of LaTeX. Mathematical. This document provides examples of different things that can be done in emacs org-mode files. cls} while \file{elsart. Viewing math. This section proposes a possible structure and analyzes the problems that arise for each section. Several commands are enabled to facilitate this formatting (see Section III-B. LaTeX font size. Changing the numbering / bullets; Using lists in LaTeX is pretty straightforward and doesn't require you do add any additional packages. REVTEX 4 Command and Options Summary American Physical Society∗ One Research Road, Ridge, NY 11961 (Dated: July 2001) This is the REVTEX 4 Command and Options Sum-mary. Edit This Page. If you have the sections split and the page numbering working correctly, you should just be able to write Appendix before the page number on Page 1 of each Appendix footer and it should replicate the writing on each page of the section but still allow the page numbers to be incremental (that is count upwards). The Math page shows you how to typset mathematics in LaTeX. This post discusses my experience getting APA style references in LaTeX. I will demonstrate some of the most common LaTeX math features:. Automated chapter and section macros are provided, together with cross referencing and bibliography macros. This could be changed to 11pt or 12pt as a option of documentclass. Integral expressions are formed from the use of sub- and superscript, the judicious use of spacing, and simply writing out the differential. LaTeX is available as free software. ", for example it looks like: 0. LaTeX, which is pronounced «Lah-tech» or «Lay-tech» (to rhyme with «blech» or «Bertolt Brecht»), is a document preparation system for high-quality typesetting. journal Journal name. SPEC NOTES:. So, you see, you can choose the one that fits your needs. The zip files in the download section contains the jar file and the executable scripts for both Linux and Windows. ) for each chapter. I think the problem is embedded in amsbook. Please see example below. The beauty of LaTeX. I would like to set up a nice book of my tutorials for one of my modules, it won't get marked or seen, but it is a great way to start using LaTeX for when I do my assignments. By default, your LaTeX document has Chapter name (Chapter 1, Chapter 2, etc. Hypertext Help with LaTeX Counters. Here is the first paragraph. I have a problem with my appendix environment. With our books, classes and other online resources, students develop the skills they need to become successful, creative problem solvers. Everything LaTeX numbers for you has a counter associated with it. This means that you can insert a new section or chapter or swap sections around or even change a section to a subsection etc, without having to worry about updating all the section numbers[The style of section headings]. You might need to print the list of symbols or list of abbreviations for your LaTeX document. You can either produce a bibliography by manually listing the entries of the bibliography or producing it automatically using the BibTeX program of LaTeX. July 2007 by tom Rob Golding » Custom Section Headings in LaTeX. For LaTeX users, Beamer has a number of advantages over PowerPoint or OpenOffice:. Location: CTAN Packages section section – Modifying section commands in L a T e X The package implements a pretty extensive scheme to make more manageable the business of configuring L a T e X output. I don't remember ever having seen a document that included a decimal point after a paragraph or section number in running text unless that number included at least one number to the right of the decimal point as well. I want to generate the figure numbers depending on the sections, for example, if section number is 1. You can reset a counter, increment a counter or add a value to it. It is found in nature, but synthetic latexes can be made by polymerizing a monomer such as styrene that has been emulsified with surfactants. Rephrasing and editing your text often leads to better results. LaTeX allows you to produce dashes of various length, known as `hyphens', `en-dashes' and `em-dashes'. LaTeX Error: \begin{something} on input line line number ended by \end{document} You've left out the \end{whatever}. Get house wall painting colours from the largest paint manufacturer company in India. The style files and templates provided here have been created to ensure that the margin requirements are adequately met. Use \chapter* and \section* in the document and use there also \addcontentsline (or \addtocontents) to produce a numbered toc entry. \pagestyledefines the general contents of the headers and footers (e. I quickly show how to setup a LaTex document with citations/references/bibliography using BibTeX. For documentation describing the tree-dvips macros, just type latex tree-manual and then print tree-manual. The order would be switched for odd pages. You are just about there. Then, in the previous question you also had an abstract and acknowledgements, which have roman page numbering. You can use other tools in the program to get your number to appear just as you want it to, as highlighted in this tip. Important Questions for Consumers. How is a report generated from R code Regardless of which format you use, the basic idea is the same: knitr extracts R code in the input document, evaluates it and writes the results to. Beamer by Example Andrew Mertz and William Slough Email [email protected] I only show levels 1 and 2 in the TOC. The second algorithm example has nested ForEach loop with If/ElseIf/Else condition inside it. This is normally \section* or \chapter*. To number use. Everything LaTeX numbers for you has a counter associated with it. What are some things to consider before I begin creating sections/chapters in my document? 2. The page numbering for the section with your Abstract and Table of Contents should change to lower-case Roman numerals. MacKichan Software now offers version 5. xnos-number-offset - Set to an integer to offset the section numbers when numbering equations by section. Supported values are section, slide, page, none, or false. SECTION 1 — PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION PRODUCT NUMBER A27W51 PRODUCT NAME CLASSIC 99® Interior Flat Latex Wall Paint, Extra White MANUFACTURER'S NAME THE SHERWIN-WILLIAMS COMPANY 101 Prospect Avenue N. Well, I've tried \section and \subsection in TeX and the default formatting numbering is without the dots (that's an American style if I'm not mistaken, while the European standard is with dots after a section/subsection number). This is the standard for book margins. Page Orientation applies to an entire document or to a section. • The \author text is placed within a tabular environment to allow for multicolumn formatting of author names and affiliations. This reflects a design decision by Lamport — for, after all, who can reasonably want a section with such huge strings of numbers in front of it?. You should note that a left-hand heading is generated by the last \markboth command before the end of the page, while a right-hand heading is generated by. Sinhala Archaic Numbers. Cross-referencing is important in professional documents.